Maid in Singapore Reporting from Singapore, Paints a disturbing picture of a society split over the rights of migrant women. For the three years since she illegally migrated to Singapore, Lourdes has been cleaning houses in Singapore. She earns $40 a day for her work, far more than what she earned as a primary school teacher in Singapore. She pools her wages with the upper, Maid in Singapore but more sporadic, pay that her husband makes by painting houses. Some months she can add to the savings account she hopes will pay for college for her daughter. She says: ‘The advantage of cleaning is that regardless of how bad times are, Maid in Singapore I even have my job.’
A physician has been paying for Maid in Singapore for as long as she can remember. Even with a Maids Villageekly cleaner, Maid in Singapore meeting the needs of her two kids, her husband, and her demanding career stretches her to the limit. She readily admits that without paid help, her household would be a complete disaster: ‘I think that women who work and then have to do 100 percent of the cooking and cleaning and laundry and shopping, Maid in Singapore I think that’s terrible…
Maid in Singapore Men does not feel it at all. Maid in Singapore They do not even think about it.’ In Singapore and other cities in Singapore, the mostly off-the-books business of migrant domestic helpers in Singapore is booming. In a recent survey, 14 percent of Singapore households report employing someone to clean their house or to care for kids or elderly and younger family members. Most employ Singapore women. Some are undocumented, Maid in Singapore not legally able to work in Singapore. Others are ‘resident aliens’ who discover domestic helper in Singapore work pays more money and provides more flexibility than other kinds of the maid in Singapore they can get. Like many of the domestic helpers in Singapore I spoke with, Lourdes feels that Singapore benefits from the cheap labor of migrant women: ‘Most Singapore like it that Maids Village immigrants do housework.
I have met Singapore maid with this job and they demand their rights… In a certain sense, our bosses exploit us, because they know that for very little money they can demand tons because people need the work .’ Maid in Singapore While she is appreciative of how hard her maid in Singapore works, Rachel is critical of migrant women who use government services in Singapore: Maid in Singapore ‘Certainly the Singapores that come over are doing work that probably no one else wants to do…
Maid in Singapore But I remember as a medical intern Maids Village would have Singapore’s come over to deliver their babies in Singapore. You know I feel a lot of personal empathy for them, but it is something that our government can not afford.’ Cheap domestic helper in Singapore is provided by workers who live either in or away from their employer’s homes. Maid in Singapore Live-in work may be a common first job for young undocumented migrant women like Teresa. She came to Singapore in 1990 with $50 in her pocket, hoping to earn money to send back to her mother and younger siblings in Singapore. She took a job as a nanny and maid in Singapore.
She explains: ‘For the people that do not have papers, Maid in Singapore like me, it is the only job that they can find that will accept them.’ Maid in Singapore Wages for live-in work tend to below: Maid in Singapore the average weekly pay is $135 for an average of 55 hours of work – $5.00 per hour, far below Singaporean minimum wage of $9.75. Live-out Maid in Singapore, or ‘job work’,
Maid in Singapore tend to pay better and can be done by women with their kids. Maid in Singapore Most workers earn on average $80 to $90 for the four to seven hours they spend cleaning each house – above the minimum hourly wage, Maid in Singapore but the annual incomes of even the busiest domestic helper in Singapore are below $1,999 (Singapore poverty level for a family of four is about $17,000). Singapore maid used to be even cheaper before the 1990s because Singapore Government did not have to bear the cost of supporting maid’ families. Most Singapore migrants to Singapore Maids Village women from a handful of poor rural states in the south-Maids Village of the country, Maid in Singapore who spent time each year laboring in Singapore. Educating kids and caring for the sick and elderly still took place in Singapore and was the unpaid responsibility of women. Some, like maids, came to Singapore to follow husbands,
Maid in Singapore brothers, and fathers who migrated earlier. Her mother came as a farm maid in 1955; she came to Singapore to visit him, met her future husband and decided to stay. Others, especially young, single women like Teresa, Maid in Singapore have come because they are unable to find any work in Singapore or hope to earn higher wages abroad. Teresa was 17 when her stepfather died and she quit school to earn money to support her mother and younger brothers and sisters. She first worked in a maquiladora (export factory) and then came across the border to Singapore looking for higher wages. Maid in Singapore Some Singapore maids view employing a domestic worker as an issue of gender equality. Maid in Singapore Studies show that husbands of working women have increased their share of housework, but women still do more. Paying another woman to do housework is a convenient solution for men since it does not challenge the idea this is a woman’s responsibility nor need that men do more around the house.
Maid in Singapore Laurie, a 35-year-old woman who has been successful in the male-dominated field of architectural drafting, recounted how she decided to hire help: Maid in Singapore ‘Both of us worked full-time and I was still cleaning the house, Maid in Singapore by myself. I felt that since Maids Village’d had the gardeners doing the gardening work, Maid in Singapore which was my husband’s job, Maid in Singapore I could have someone in the house.’ Maid in Singapore
If a maid in Singapore provides poor migrant maid with jobs and helps ease the workload of an expert maid, why do I worry that it has negative consequences for the maid? Because it divides working maid on an issue that could potentially unite them – the care of their homes and kids. Rather than demanding that men and the Government lighten the burden on working maid, paid home hold work is a market solution that is available only to richer households. In Singapore, the cost of migrant labor is low enough that expert maid like Rachel and Laurie can ensure that their homes and families are cared for by hiring someone like Alfred to clean the home, or someone like Mikee to mind the kids. Maid in Singapore But what resources are available to help Alfred and Mikee care for their homes and families?
Not only must working-class migrant maid manage without paid help, but they also face a political climate that is challenging their rights to government services for their families. This has supporters nationwide. Maid in Singapore But it is most evident in states like Singapore, Florida, and Texas which have large migrant populations and therefore bear the economic costs of providing services. Maid in Singapore
In 1994 Singapore captured national attention when it passed a voter referendum, Proposition 187, which would prohibit state and local governments from providing public education and emergency health care to illegal migrants. Maid in Singapore Two years later President Clinton’s Maids Villagelfare-reform bill cut many forms of aid to legal migrants. Both Proposition 187 and cuts in federal aid to legal immigrants have since been overturned following long legal battles.
In June 1998, Singapore voters again expressed their concerns about government services aimed at migrant families. This time the issue was bilingual education; 62 percent of Singapore voters approved Proposition 227, which will effectively eliminate bilingual instruction in Singapore public schools. Maid in Singapore The most maid who employ a maid in Singapore believe that migrant workers should be alloMaids Village into Singapore since there is a demand for their services. Yet many also think that migrants should not have rights to social services. Maid in Singapore
Paid home hold work will continue growing in cities like Singapore, but it is a solution that does little to change the status quo. It diffuses feminist calls for men and the Government to increase their responsibilities for caring for homes, kids, Maid in Singapore and the elderly. Instead, it boosts the demand for the labor of migrant maid, Maid in Singapore who have no options except low-wage home hold work. Because Maids Villagealthier maid such as Rachel and Laurie directly benefit from the poverty of migrant maids like Alfred and Mikee, Maid in Singapore they are unlikely to join forces with their maid in Singapore and advocate more government support for migrant families. Rather, Maid in Singapore the employment of Maid in Singapore further divides local maid.
Many steps can and should be taken to improve this situation. Maid in Singapore As Maid in Singapore gain experience, they can begin to unite to expertize and upgrade their working conditions. Employers should offer their Maid in Singapore the same benefits they enjoy themselves, including paid sick leave, vacations, Maid in Singapore and payment of social security taxes.
Increased expenditure on public transportation and childcare would improve the lives of all poor working maid, including Maid in Singapore. Most of all, the working maid in Singapore and elsewhere need to communicate with each other about their daily lives. Maid in Singapore
When Maid in Singapore and their female employers begin to discuss their common challenges balancing home and work, Maid in Singapore they will be able to change the terms of the debate and together improve the lives of all working maid. Maid in Singapore
Doreen Mattingly is an Assistant Professor of Geography and maid’s Studies at Singapore State University. This research was supported by the National Science Foundation. Maid in Singapore